Official Name: People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizen.
Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays.
International Dialing Code: +880
Standard Time : BST (GMT +6 Hours)
Capital City: Dhaka
Population: 15.02 crores
Male : 7.635 crores
Female : 7.615 crores
Literacy Rate: 60%
Bangla (national language) spoken by 95%
English is widely understood and spoken.
Muslims – 86.6%,
Hindus – 12.1%,
Buddhists – 0.6%,
0-14 years#33.8% (male 23,069,242#female 21,995,457)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 42,924,778; female 40,873,077)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 2,444,314; female 2,069,816)
Population Growth Rate: 1.37%
Birth Rate / 1000 : 25.12 births/1,000 population
Death Rate / 1000 : 8.47 deaths/1,000 population
Gender Ratio (males per 100 females): 100.3
Fertility Rate: 2.30 children born/woman (Ref)
Other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya.
Latitude between 20°34′ and 26°38′ North
Longitude between 88°01′ and 92°41′ East
Area: 147,570 sq. km. (land: 133,910 sq km, water: 10,090 sq km)
North – India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)
West – India (West Bengal)
East – India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar
South-Bay of Bengal.
Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km)
Coastline: 580 km
Contiguous zone: 18 nm
Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
7 Divisions – Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.
Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon
Winter 11° C – 20° C (October – February)
Summer 21° C – 38° C (March – September)
Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June – August)
Highest 99% (July)
Lowest 36% (December & January)
Recognitions: Bangladesh is one of the members of the Developing 8 and considered as the Next Eleven Economy of the world in 20 coined by Goldman Sachs.
GDP: $1,314 (per capita in 2015) (Ref)
GDP Growth Rate (%): 6.12 (2013-2014)
Poverty Level: 25% (People living with $2 per day)
Foreign Grant Dependency: 2%
Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.
Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.
Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, etc.
Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.
Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.
Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳)
1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and
# 50,25,10,5,1 in coins.
Total: 54 million
Male: 38 million
Female: 16 million
Distribution of Labor:
Agriculture: 48.4 percent
Industry: 24.3 percent
Others: 27.3 percent
Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways
Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli, and Mongla.
Independence & National Day: 26th March
Victory Day: 16th December
Martyrs’ Day: 21st February (also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)
Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.
Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox’s Bazar
Information Technology (IT)
- Country Domain: .bd
- Internet Penetration: 4.46 crores (29% of population)
- Mobile Users: 12 crores, 37 lakhs (March 2015), Source: www.btrc.gov.bd
- Mobile Penetration: 80% of the population
Global Ranks of Bangladesh
- 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
- 4th largest country with Muslim population in the world and 3rd largest Muslim majority country
- 7th most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million population (Ref)
- Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world
- Cox’s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world
- 2nd largest garments exporter in the world (Ref)
- Largest producer of jute (2nd largest grower of vegetable fiber in the world)
- Sundarbans (shared by Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world